The Renaissance, Italian for “rebirth”, was a cultural movement in Europe, during the 14th to the 17th centuries, considered the bridge between the “Dark” Ages and the Medieval Period into modern history. The Renaissance’s intellectual basis was humanism, derived from the rediscovery of classical Greek philosophy, such as that of Protagoras, who said, that “Man is the measure of all things." This new thinking became manifest in art, architecture, music, religion, politics, science, literature and other aspects of intellectual inquiry. Renaissance scholars employed the humanist method in study, and searched for realism and human emotion in art.